TOEFL Exam Pattern

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TOEFL Exam Pattern

The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is one of the most widely accepted English proficiency tests in over 160 countries. Most English-speaking countries, such as the USA, Canada, UK, Australia, New Zealand, etc., consider TOEFL scores as proof of proficiency for non-native English speakers who intend to study in international educational institutions. Several immigration authorities as well as employers accept the TOEFL scores as proof that the candidate will be able to communicate and mingle with others in an English-speaking country. It is conducted by Educational Testing Services to judge a candidate’s English proficiency in reading, listening, speaking, and writing. 

The worldwide reach and accessibility of TOEFL have made it a popular choice for individuals seeking to improve their English language skills and increase their opportunities for success in an increasingly globalised world. With its rigorous testing standards and widespread recognition, the TOEFL remains one of the most trusted measures of English proficiency available today.

Types of TOEFL

Currently, ETS offers three different types of TOEFL exams, as per the convenience of the test takers.

The first type is the TOEFL iBT (Internet-based Test), which is the most commonly taken exam. It measures the test taker’s ability to use and understand English at the university level. The second type is the TOEFL PBT (paper-based test), which is only available in areas where internet testing is not possible. This exam measures similar skills as the iBT but with a different format. The third type is the TOEFL ITP (Institutional Testing Programme), which is used by institutions for internal assessment purposes rather than for admission or certification purposes. All three exams have their own unique features and benefits, allowing test takers to choose the one that best suits their needs. It’s important to research and understand each exam before deciding which one to take. 


It’s an internet-based test, which is mostly preferred by candidates who wish to take the exam at a test centre under proper supervision. The advantage of taking an iBT is that it allows for greater flexibility in scheduling and location, as candidates can choose from a variety of test centres. Additionally, the supervision provided by trained proctors ensures that the exam is administered fairly and securely. Many candidates find that taking an iBT reduces their anxiety levels, as they feel more confident knowing that they are being monitored during the exam. Overall, the internet-based test is an excellent option for those looking for a secure and convenient way to take their exams.


 It’s the paper-based test version of the TOEFL exam, which is available in selected countries, including India. Apart from the speaking module, other sections are supposed to be answered on paper. As for the speaking section, the candidate has to undergo an online speaking test under the supervision of a proctor. So it’s advised to have an exam-friendly environment during the test.

TOEFL iBT home edition:

 It’s similar to the TOEFL iBT, but candidates can attempt the exam in the comfort of their homes under the supervision of a human proctor watching through the web camera and screen sharing. However, candidates need to make sure that they meet the network-system requirements set by ETS before registering for the TOEFL exam.

TOEFL exam pattern

The TOEFL exam evaluates a candidate’s proficiency in English through four basic skills that are divided into four sections: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. The reading section assesses a candidate’s ability to comprehend academic texts and answer questions based on the information provided. 

The writing section evaluates a candidate’s ability to express their ideas clearly and coherently in written form. The listening section measures a candidate’s ability to understand spoken English in academic settings, including lectures and conversations. Finally, the Speaking section assesses a candidate’s ability to communicate effectively in spoken English by expressing their opinions, summarising information, and responding to questions. 


TOEFL iBT section Section details Time Points
  • 3-4 passages to read
  • 10-12 question based on passage
54-72 minutes 0-30
  • 3-4 audios of lectures with 6 questions each
  • 2-3 audios of conversations with 5 questions each
41-57 min 0-30
10 minutes break
  • One independent question
  • Three integrated tasks
16 min 0-30
  • One independent task
  • One integrated task
50 min 0-30


TOEFL reading

The reading section of the TOEFL exam pattern is designed to assess your comprehension abilities. As a result, the fundamental topic of the majority of the passages revolves around everyday situations and is typically excerpted from high school textbooks. These are multiple-choice questions with only one correct answer. In this section, you have to read 3–4 passages and answer 10 questions based on each passage. As per the number of correct reading comprehension answers, you will be scored accordingly. The time allotted for one question is 20 minutes.

TOEFL writing: 

The writing section consists of an independent task as well as one integrated task. As for the integrated task, the candidate has to write answers to the questions based on a passage and an audio. In the independent task section, the test takers are asked to write an essay. The entire duration of the test is 50 minutes, which is divided into 30 minutes for task 1 and 20 minutes for task 2.

TOEFL listening:

The listening component assesses the test taker’s ability to interpret English conversations and lectures. Listening to basic comprehension and comprehending, linking, and synthesising information are all part of it. You will hear lectures and conversations in campus language during the listening test segment. The audio could be a speech or a discussion. It could be a general conversation or a conflict resolution session. 

TOEFL speaking:

The speaking section consists of four tasks, where one is independent and the other three are integrated. The integrated task assesses the combination of your skills based on a text. Whereas the independent questions in the section evaluate the candidates articulation based on the audio provided for the reading and listening sections. The duration of the test is 17 minutes, and the candidate has to speak into the microphone. The recorded answers will be evaluated by a human rater as well as an AI-based rater.

TOEFL scoring

There are no good or bad scores in TOEFL test results, but candidates would be required to meet the score criteria set by the universities. Any score above the range would increase their chances of admission, while any score below the range could act as an obstacle to admission.

However, in order to get a better idea of the scoring and the proficiency levels, ETS has provided 4 to 5 proficiency levels for each skill. So in accordance with your score, it will let you know your proficiency level for that skill. This will help you know about your performance, your strengths, sections that need improvement, and so on.

Score range Level

Score 0-30

  • Advanced (24-30)
  • High intermediate(18-23)
  • Low intermediate (4-17)
  • Below low-intermediate (0-3)

Score range 0-30

  • Advanced (22-30)
  • High intermediate (17-21)
  • Low intermediate (9-16)
  • Below low intermediate (0-8)

Score range 0-30

  • Advanced (25-30)
  • High intermediate (20-24)
  • Low intermediate(16-19)
  • Basic (10-15)
  • Below basic (0-9)

Score range 0-30

  • Advanced (24-30)
  • High intermediate (17-23)
  • Low intermediate(13-16)
  • Basic (7-12)
  • Below basic (0-6)

Usually, applicants receive mail from ETS six days after taking the TOEFL exam, and from then on, the results can be checked online. However, it’ll take 11 days to get the printed score reports via email. Your TOEFL results are valid for two years from the date of the exam.

Section Score range Average scores
Reading 0-30 20
Listening 0-30 19
Speaking 0-30 19
Writing 0-30 20
Total score 0-120 78


The candidates are allowed to submit four complimentary score reports to colleges, universities, or programmes after registering. The designated receivers will receive official score reports approximately 11 days following your exam date. However, if the candidate wishes to send to more than four universities, they can do so at a cost.

Candidates who are not satisfied with their TOEFL scores may request a score review of their writing and/or speaking sections up to 30 days after taking the test. Each component costs US $80 to review; examining both sections costs US $160. The evaluation procedure could take up to three weeks from the time the request and payment are received.

TOEFL iBT fee structure

TOEFL iBT fees Price in INR
Registration 16,900
Late Registration 3900
Test Rescheduling 5900
Reinstating cancelled scores 1990
Additional score reports 1950
Score review for speaking/writing sections 7900
Payment return 2900


Texas Review is an emerging institution that strives to train students and professionals for their TOEFL preparation. Being a growing leader in exam preparation, we take satisfaction in having a greater success rate. Our 9+ years of experience in excellent education have helped hundreds of students realise their dream careers by achieving high scores in the TOEFL.

We understand that the TOEFL exam can be a daunting task for many students and professionals, which is why we offer comprehensive training programmes that cater to all levels of proficiency. Our courses are designed to help you improve your English language skills, and our experienced instructors provide personalised attention to ensure that you achieve your desired score.

Our state-of-the-art facilities and cutting-edge technology make learning interactive and engaging, and our flexible schedules allow you to balance your studies with your other commitments. We also provide extensive study materials, including practice tests, mock exams, and online resources, to help you prepare effectively for the TOEFL. At our institute, we believe that success is not just about achieving high scores but also about building confidence and developing essential skills that will benefit you in your future endeavours.

For more details, contact us at 9100444920 or mail us:

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