GRE Quantitative Reasoning Syllabus

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GRE Quantitative section tests the student’s grasp in the concepts of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis. Moreover, it also tests your skills in solving problems based on these concepts. Most students face trouble with the Quant Section either because of fear or hatred.

The GRE Quantitative Reasoning measure isn’t a test of advanced math. In fact, remembering all the geometry proofs, calculus, and trigonometry you learned in high school won’t assist in the least on the GRE Math section.

The problem of GRE Quantitative Reasoning comes from the necessity to reason your way through each problem. Once you work out what the question is asking, the maths involved in solving the matter is basic. Let’s take a glance at the way to study for GRE math and thus the tools you’ll get to do for an efficient GRE math review.

The primary goal of the GRE test is attaining admission to your expected university. For that, the first step is to know the quant test pattern and its syllabus.

You should know, the GRE quantitative segment aims to test your skills in fundamental quant concepts. As mentioned earlier, it assesses your abilities to solve problems with a variety of question types.

In fact, there are several other chapters under each concept. In this blog, let’s have a look at GRE Quant topics and their section.

GRE Quant Question Types

Firstly, the questions from these topics come from the high-school level. However, question types in the GRE quantitative section are divided into 4 types.

  1. Quantitative comparison
  2. Multiple Choices with 1 correct answer
  3. Multiple choices with 1 or more correct answers
  4. Numeric entry (computation)

Now, let’s go through the list of the GRE quant topics.

Take a look over the topics that are assessed in the GRE quantitative Comparison segment.

1. Arithmetic

This section deals with the number properties including both positive and negative, even, prime and integers. The major question pattern includes Quantitative Comparisons. In this type of question, you are not supposed to make any assumptions.

Number Properties and arithmetic operations like

Types of integers:

  • Factorization
  • Prime numbers  
  • Divisibility
  • Odd & Even integers
  • Approximations (estimations)
  • Finding the ratio
  • Number line, decimals, and sequences
  • Algebraic relations, functions, and inequalities
  • Remainders
  • Besides, your ability in arithmetic operations is also assessed such as;
  • Square roots and Exponents
  • Percentage calculations
  • GRE Quant Topic: Algebra
  • Algebraic exponents
  • Simplification & factorization of expressions
  • Linear equations, quadratic equations, and simultaneous equations
  • Rate calculations
  • Absolute value

However, in the GRE quant segment, most students face challenges in problem-solving question types. To master this, you should practice well, how to translate the data from English to Math.

Of course, the Coordinate Geometry is included in algebra rather than Geometry as it usually deals with linear equations (line equations).

  • Coordinate Geometry
  • Function graphs
  • Line equations and distance between the points
  • Problems on intercepts and slopes of lines

2. Algebra

The questions in this section might look tough, but that’s only because the test makers try to trick you. The underlying concepts, though, are basic algebra. You will not be required to concoct any proofs nor will you would like any algebra vocabulary.

So, what algebra does the GRE test?

Simplifying algebraic expressions:

  • Expanding expressions
  • 3 types of factoring
  • Equations with square roots
  • Basic equations
  • Systems of equations
  • Quadratic equations
  • Equations with exponents
  • Equations with absolute values
  • The coordinate plane
  • Equations with fractions
  • Equations of lines
  • Graphs of quadratics

3. Geometry

Plane geometry deals with a lot of topics in which Triangles often becomes the first priority. You must learn Pythagorean Theorem and congruence. Besides, the special right-angled triangle and the equilateral and isosceles triangles are crucial.

Note: you need to memorize the basic formulas related to geometry to meet a high score in GRE.

  • Circles
  • Triangles (equilateral, isosceles and scalene types)
  • Pythagorean Theorem
  • Special triangles (right-angled triangles): 45 – 45 – 90 and 30 – 60 – 90
  • Quadrilaterals and polygons
  • Congruency
  • 3D figures
  • Calculating area, circumference, perimeter, and volume

4. Data Interpretation

The problems about Data analysis in the GRE usually comes in the form of tables, charts, graphs in several other forms listed below.  You should understand the question to gain accuracy in your solution.

The topics of interest in data analysis include:

Calculating the mean, median, standard deviation, range, interquartile range and percentiles.

Analyzing data in graphs, histograms, pie-diagrams, box plots (and scatter plots), frequency distribution.


  • Elementary probability (independent and compound event)
  • Conditional probability
  • Probability distributions and random variables
  • In addition to the above,
  • Permutations and combination
  • Venn diagrams

It is to say, the difficulty level of the GRE quant questions is generally around your high-school mathematics.

Note: GRE Quantitative segment does not include TRIGONOMETRY.

Probable Volume

Observe that most top scorers of the GRE quant spend a considerable amount of their time in Geometry applied mathematics,  and data analysis. Focus on the volume of questions on each topic.

In the section of Quant that consists of 20 questions, you encounter around 8 questions from the topics of Arithmetic and Algebra with easy to medium level difficulty. Nearly 8 from Geometry of medium to high difficulty and 3 to 5 questions on Data Analysis of medium to high difficulty. And finally, you will find 2 to 4 questions from Applied Maths.

The above analysis clears about why the top scorers of GRE quant have to master these topics especially Geometry. This is due to its volume and the preferred difficulty level.

Speaking of the bottom line of the above discussion, you should be perfect in every topic to score 170/ 170 in GRE math. You should also focus on the volume of the topics so that you plan your GRE test prep.

All the topics mentioned above are included in the GRE quant section. Furthermore, it allows you to schedule your training sessions. Before you start your practice, divide the topics on a similarity basis and then start your GRE test prep.

Contact our GRE counselors in Hyderabad to know more about the GRE and take a free diagnostic test to get started on your GRE preparation.

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